Ohrid, the most important tourism center of Macedonia, has the same name as the Ohrid Lake, on which it was founded. The city, which was included in the World Cultural Heritage List by UNESCO in 1979, is truly a cultural treasure with its churches, mosques, archaeological artifacts, fortress and historical history bearing the traces of multicultural life. Ohrid, which is one of the cities that host the most foreign tourists in the Balkans, is known as the ‘City of Pearls’ with its pearl, which is extracted from the lake and converted into jewelry. Ohrid, which is preferred by many people in the region in the summer period, has many alternatives with its natural beauties and historical areas.
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1.Ohrid historic city center
One of the most attractive places in Ohrid is the old center of the city, facing the slope to the west of the city center. In the historic center, magnificent old Ottoman houses and narrow cobbled streets invite you to travel on time. Visitors who climb up the hill from anywhere in the bazaar encounter historical streets that are far from tourists and are much more peaceful.
The historic center also hosts important historical buildings. The ancient theater, located near the historical upper gate, which was the entrance point of the city in the past, is standing in all its glory.
2.St. Sophia Church
Saint Sophia Church (St. Sophia Church) is one of the most important historical buildings of Macedonia, which has reached the present day in the field of architecture and art. Originally a parliamentary church of the Archbishop of Ohrid and later converted into a mosque, this church hosts frescoes from the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries.
The main part of St. Sofia Church was built in the 11th century. It is known that the present church was built or restored in the period of Archbishop Leo, who was on the throne of the church between 1035 and 1056.
The ruins of the amphitheater, built around 200 BC, remained under the ground for more than a thousand years. This theater, discovered by chance in the 1980s, used to be a place where gladiatorial wars and Christians were killed. Today, it is used as a beautiful ancient theater, away from violence, where summers are performed.
4.Robevi Family House
Robevi Family House, located in a beautiful old house built in 1864, is a three-story museum. Inside the museum are ancient sculptures and other stone monuments collected during archaeological discoveries in the region, the carved body of the Goddess Isis, and an ancient golden tomb mask and glove unearthed on top of the hill near Samuel Castle.
Lake Ohrid is located in the southwestern part of Macedonia and also gives its name to the city of Ohrid, located right on the coast. This tectonic lake is one of the oldest and deepest lakes in Europe. The lake is 358 square kilometers in size and 693 meters above sea level. The lake, which is fed by the Black Drim River, was included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List in 1979. The lake is famous for its trout, an endemic fish species that only find habitat in itself. Two-thirds of the lake belongs to Macedonia and the rest belongs to Albania.
Ohrid’s Historical Bazaar is the most colorful and energetic place in the city. It is a great place where you can buy many handmade items as well as food, especially on the days of the market. The farmer’s market and the market, where it has a small square, ends at the pier on the lakeshore. There is a 1000-year-old tree in the middle of the square and at the same time, an hour on top of the square can be seen from almost anywhere.
The name of the Mezokastro region, which faces the square, means a military camp located in the Latin city walls. Among the prominent souvenirs in the historical bazaar are items made of clay, Macedonian musical instruments, and famous embroidery. Ohrid’s famous pearl production continues in the workshops in this bazaar.
In the Byzantine period, Ohrid was an important city and cultural center. In the early 11th century, it was also the capital of a Slavic Empire, ruled by Car Samuil for a short time. Samuel Castle, located on a hill overlooking the city, is known as one of the longest and largest castles in the Balkans.
18 towers and four gates in the castle can still be seen as artifacts from the original building. The castle offers an amazing panoramic view of Ohrid and its surroundings with its location overlooking the city and the lake.
8.St. John’s Church
One of Macedonia’s most magnificent churches stands on a small fishing settlement, just above the cliff rising from Lake Ohrid. St. John’s Church (Kaneo / St. John) is a wonderful combination of Byzantine and Armenian architectural styles. Kaneo Church is an inspiration for spiritual thoughts with its extraordinary atmosphere and calm lake view seen from down the church.
Naum Monastery, located 28 km south of Ohrid, is very close to the Albanian border. Built-in 905, the monastery is the holy structure of Macedonia with the most extraordinary frescoes and paintings.
Today, the original monastery in its gardens with restaurants, souvenir shops, boat tours, and peacocks. Cyril’s student It was founded by Naum (830-910).
Bones Bay, which is the Bone Bay in Turkish, is an exciting stop where you can see the traces of the settlement dating back 1000 years ago. Findings from the researches carried out in the settlement, a significant part of which is underwater, are exhibited in the museum. Bones Bay is a place where you can scuba dive into the underground archaeological site and one of the most popular destinations in Ohrid.